The Bronze Age (2,300 700 BC)

This is the period from about 2300 to 700 BC when metal first began to be widely used in Britain, possibly as a result of the increase in contact with Europe. However, various types of stone, particularly flint, remained very important for long after metal became available. Bronze Age society seems to have been divided into tribal areas based around an agricultural economy and it is during this period that over exploitation of the light soils in our area led to the formation of the heathlands we see today. The countryside around Whitehill and Bordon also has an unusually high concentration of Bronze Age barrows (high status burial mounds) which may be linked to the nationally important ritual deposits of bronze weapons found at Whitehill and Woolmer to form a sacred landscape.

Bronze Age hoard 4 arm rings, 2 torcs and 1 palstave - nr Brimstone enclosure, Woolmer Forest

Woolmer Pond hoard 4 bronze rings, 2 torcs, an axe and spiral bronze finger rings

Hogmoor hoard, Whitehill Nationally important Bronze Age weapon hoard - swords, sheaths, spear heads and 3 rings (now in British Museum)

Disc barrows 3 rare Grinsell type 4 disc barrows at Longmoor Camp

2 round barrows at Whitehill Village Hall. Just 2 of the many barrows found in this area.

 


The Iron Age (700BC - AD 43)

This period sees the expansion of farming and the first use of iron for tools and weapons. By the end of the Iron Age most of the original natural forest has been cleared and animals like wolves, bears and aurochs (wild cattle) are either extinct or have become rare. Large numbers of farmsteads of this period have been recorded from the chalklands of Hampshire, but none are known in the immediate vicinity of Bordon and Whitehill. They must have existed however, as Walldown is probably an Iron Age hillfort established to control and to provide protection for the local population. People lived in roundhouses, some of which had the same floor area as a modern detached house. Towards the end of the period coinage was introduced into Britain and trade with the Roman world increased.

Walldown - possible Iron Age hillfort